Scope and challenges of mushroom production and their mitigations in Nepal: A review

Rojina Sapkota 1 , Dipesh Joshi 2 , Sujan Bogati 3 , Santoshi Malla 4

1   Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, NEPAL
2   Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, NEPAL
3   Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, NEPAL
4   Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Tribhuvan University, NEPAL

✉ Coressponding author: See PDF.




This review paper aims to discuss and compile information regarding various scopes, challenges, and mitigating measures of mushroom cultivation in Nepal. Overall information on mushroom cultivation comprising its status, scope, and problems is vital for bringing positive change in this sector. Different secondary sources of information were reviewed and analyzed including journals like Elsevier and Springer. In Nepal, the production of mushrooms has increased about 8.23 times over a decade until 2020. Nepal is blessed with a range of ecosystems that really are ideal for mushroom production. Different mushroom species have been commercially cultivated in different parts of Nepal. Mushroom production can be used as an alternative source to overcome food and nutrition security problems and eventually leads to the livelihood improvement of people in developing countries like Nepal. The study revealed that mushrooms can be used to fight several diseases with their nutritional and medicinal properties. The demand for mushrooms is increasing nowadays more than ever. With the implementation of various measures with proper coordination and planning, mushroom cultivation can be proliferated. As a result, the mushroom industry has a lot of potentials to help the country's socioeconomic transition. Nepal can capitalize on this opportunity by enacting appropriate and concrete national mushroom policies and programs.


Fungi, Medicinal, Mushroom, Nutrition, Production


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How to Cite

Sapkota, R., Joshi, D., Bogati, S., & Malla, S. (2022). Scope and challenges of mushroom production and their mitigations in Nepal: A review . Archives of Agriculture and Environmental Science, 7(2), 272-277.



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